Shaolin kung fu power style (炮拳: pao quan),
instructor: abbot Yongxin and monk Yanzhuang, from Shaolin temple
– combat strategy:
this style teaches tactics of using power. the saying is “use fire to plunder (趁火打劫),” panic the opponent to force him yield. this is mostly done by abundant power in your moves. one way to increase power is to “use the dead corpse (借尸还魂),” use unused parts of your body. this has 2 main examples: 1. use whole your body to generate power, 2. instead of using just one arm in attack or defense, use both your arms together or in close succession. these multiply power in your moves, which is of great use specially against stronger opponents. these 2 are the main tactics of Shaolin power style.
there are historical records that Shaolin monks performed a pao chui (cannon hammer) style in an exhibition in presence of the first Tang dynasty (618-907) emperor. however, pao quan was first officially compiled in the early Song dynasty (960s AD) under the supervision of chief monk Fuju (福居). in the late Yuan dynasty (1279-1368), monk Jinnaluo (紧那罗) improved this pao quan form. this was the ‘small pao quan’. in the mid Qing dynasty (1644-1912), the early 1800s, monk Zhanju (湛举) combined pao quan techniques into a base of small and big hong quan, tong bi quan, luohan quan, and some other materials to create the ‘big pao quan’. specially, there was a set called Shaolin xinyi ba, which is still widely practiced in Dengfeng area around Shaolin temple. this set imitates daily and farming activities by combining standing and small-frame stances with the pounding moves of the arms and fists, which use whole the body to generate explosive power. Zhanju combined xinyi ba moves into the small and big pao quan and perfected them.
– note: there are various other forms and styles named ‘pao quan’ in Chinese kung fu, and they are historically and technically different from Shaolin pao quan. these are just different styles with similar names.
Shaolin kung fu tutorial:
– training: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB9EB410ECABF43C8
– styles: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL8F75C68BF1246C2B
– weapons: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLE48D537F756421A2